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Changes in industrial energy use from transportation sector transformations


Transformations in the transportation sector will save 7 quads/y of refining energy. Half that saving will be used to produce biofuels, hydrogen, and carbon fiber. The net reduction in 2050 industrial energy use will be about 3.5 quads/y.


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For a 2000 scf/h system, we assumed 78% HHV fuel efficiency (for natural gas to hydrogen) with 10–15 kW electricity consumption.

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