The costs of saving energy via integrative design vary widely. This scatterplot compares the energy intensity of our integrative design cases to the cost of conserved energy for these projects. In some cases, integrative design yields greater savings than standard design with no (or sometimes negative) incremental cost. In other cases, the building may have a significant cost premium.
We recognize that the costs of these integrative design savings are uncertain. The wide scatter in reported savings and costs reflects differences in design and execution quality.