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Dematerialization and closed materials cycles

In industry—where producing stuff is a low-margin commodity business—a wealth of business opportunities lies in the sophistication of designs and processes that provide more and better services from less for longer.

Across a whole range of industrial materials and final products, dematerialization can further reduce material flows. We can design out waste in mining and manufacturing, recapture resources now lost in extraction and manufacturing, and make products that last longer—then recover, reuse, repair, remanufacture, and recycle them. Redesigning products to accommodate remanufacturing (updating parts, not remaking wholes) can create major new business opportunities while drastically lowering industrial energy needs to provide the same services.